Talk of suicide is not easy…

…and psychiatrists, despite being a common theme in our daily work, we know. A social level is the ghost death ... do not open headers deaths in the news, or newspaper headlines… anonymous deaths on which we tiptoed, deaths without sensitizing campaigns, without discussion in political forums… where family are stigmatized and a halo of silence is created around. Fortunately something has begun to change, not only health status, but socially .., because suicide is an issue that concerns us all as a society, as a cultural group.

Until a few years ago, he looked the other way when someone in your town, in your city, in their social environment took off his life… Families were identified and became the second victim. It was time they started addressing clearly a public health problem that leaves much pain and so many collateral victims.

I will not talk about statistics, I will not give data that we all know and repeated endlessly in the media and forums mental health. I would like to raise this article from the point of view of prevention.

One suicide is already a social failure, but the reality sheds shocking figures. When someone decides to commit suicide it is because the political-social-health network has failed. Fortunately healthcare professionals, outside the environment of mental health, They are starting to become sensitized and consider talking with patients, not only clinical issues, but also emotional issues. We must address the issue of suicide with the same ease with which we talk about flu, psoriasis or heart disease.

The Suicide Observatory dismantles myths:
-"Whoever kills himself wants to kill". False. Who takes his own life just she wants to stop suffering.
-"Whoever does not say it and who says what he does". False. Many suicides are preceded by warning signs that any health or educator has the duty and obligation to detect.

In any faculty of medicine or psychology suicide is the main subject of study, It is not studied at the University, no state campaigns about, there are no specific health programs, not to educate the population, in general, and adolescents in particular, on the psychological and emotional well-being .... .. We are talking about 10 lives daily in our country!

Spain remains a prevention plan, no state or regional campaigns encompassing health areas, educational and social. Programs involving family, educators, health and social agents. Disseminate information necessary to reduce the stigma associated with suicide and the importance of psychological and emotional wellbeing. Shy programs have begun to appear in some regions, where the health sector is involved as a priority, but.. And the political?, And the social?

If in Spain suicide deaths are twice those killed in traffic accidents, Why is there no funding for such a serious public health issue? and WHO He points out as a health problem of the first order and it recommends that it should be a priority mundial.¿ Why the Ministry of Health of our country does not include a prevention-oriented program? Why Mental Health professionals think our health system should give more importance to mental illness? Why is there no specific funding in state and regional health policies for the prevention of suicide when we know that is the leading cause of unnatural death in Spain for more than 12 years, and it has increased alarmingly among the population between 15 Y 29 years?

The Depression It is not a state of sadness, It is a disease, and as such, treatable. Hopelessness experienced by patients who take their own lives is temporary, although at certain times you do not feel well. And finally note that we have a public health system in which there are professionals prepared to address suicidal ideation, restore function and patient experiencing hopelessness is ephemeral.

 

Julia García White.
Psychiatrist
Mental Health Coordinator Area Cáceres.