I wanted to start so this article because it is well known of the existence of myths and prejudices about mental health. By way of, I will focus on some aspects that may be influencing us to have these myths.
First, we ask the following question Why "disorder" and no disease "?
The word disease is inherited from the biomedical model, where health is the absence of disease, Thus, the world repartiríamos us between healthy and diseased. But, What happens in the field of mental? It happens that in psychology the biopsychosocial model is used where health and disease are part of a continuum, where the boundaries between the two are sometimes fuzzy. This model raises a number of variables for the development and maintenance of mental disorders: biological variables, psychological and social. The transition from a biomedical model to a bio model is a gradual process, change our thinking, which includes both the observer and observed what. As well, understand the mental health from this model makes us understand many of the behaviors that occur in a mental disorder, and leads us to have less prejudice. If we understand that people with mental disorder may have periods where no manifest and therefore can lead a fairly normal life, as anyone, also we understand that may have periods where if the disorder is revealed. We can stop having thoughts of the type: "For if you wore a few weeks fine, because now no?"What can lead" because if you will not be stable, How you can keep a job "but who is emotionally stable?.
Secondly, What is the difference between "being" and "having?
Today it is customary to refer to people with mental disorder as: "It is mentally ill", "It is bipolar", "It is schizophrenic". Funny how one leaves aside HAVE. A person is not bipolar, but it has been diagnosed with bipolar disorder, but it is also is a person. The problem lies when encasillamos a person within a pattern of behavior (for example: It is bipolar), and we assume that this person has to behave in a certain way, You have to feel this way and therefore no other. And when we do this, We are creating invisible boundaries, but at the end and at Cape borders, where we are setting limits and are stigmatizing and closing the circle. Goethe has a phrase that summarizes all of the above: Treat a man as he is, and it will remain what it is; Treat him as you can and must be, and it will become what can and should be.
But besides what I mentioned earlier, there are more variables that influence our behavior. Then, I will focus on three. The first two are the films and series made for people who have mental disorder. The positive part of all is that it brings us closer to a world that is unknown to many people and can help us to have a better understanding of the field of mental health. But, on the other hand, we can not forget that stories are adapted with some aspects invented, which often bears little resemblance to reality. By last, we have the media that enhance the news when one who committed the crime is a person with mental disorder. But today, already debunked this myth (or at the least attempt), where studies have shown that when a person diagnosed with a mental disorder has committed a crime, this crime is not related to their disorder.
To end, I would like to end with the following sentence Alex Rovira, writer and popularizer:
Imagine we were able to make an appreciative look without prejudice, we were able to focus on the benefits and virtues, without losing critical thinking, Of course.
If we could free from false beliefs about ourselves, prejudices about the other and projections, which it is what the other thinks that I think about it, We would be something closer to something fundamental, It is reality.
Mª Pilar Cáceres Pachón
Psychologist / Technical director
Center for Rehabilitation and Work Placement
Mental Health FEAFES-Cáceres